The reproduction program at All Pets Vet Hospital provides canine reproductive services for all of your needs including breeding management, male and female reproductive examinations, estrus cycle timing , semen evaluations as well as storage and shipping coming soon, transcervical and Mavic insemination, frozen semen, ultrasound examination and cesarean section. We also provide surgical and medical treatment for most conditions related to the reproductive system including neonatal care. We offer the most up to date diagnostics, treatment, and reproductive medicine techniques with state-of-the-art equipment. As a team, we work to ensure our patients receive the best comprehensive care possible.
|Semen Collection||Semen Freezing|
|Bitch Services||Insemination & Pregnancy Management|
|Your First Visit|
Utilized by the majority of canine breeders, this procedure determines medical soundness for breeding through identification of joint dysplasia or other specific abnormalities. OFA is short for Orthopedic Foundation for Animals. You can visit this non-profit organization’s website at http://www.offa.org for more information on their mission.
PennHip (University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program) is a non-profit program, wholly owned and operated by the University of Pennsylvania. PennHip incorporates a new method for evaluating the integrity of the canine hip. It is accurate in puppies as young as 16 weeks of age. It has great potential to lower the frequency of CHD when used as a selection criterion.
Breeding Soundness Evaluation
Our staff performs the necessary tests to assess if your dog is sound for breeding.
We can answer any questions and generate a plan as to how to best manage your studs breeding.
Pyometra Medical Therapy
Pre Breeding Requirements
Here at All Pets we require all breeding patients to be in good health and currently have a negative Brucellosis test within the past 6 months. If your pet is not up to date we can submit the test at your pet’s first appointment.
We strongly suggest pre-breeding health screenings for heritable conditions. You can find a list of recommended genetic testing for your breed with the OFA Canine Health Information Center at offa.org Please take into consideration that if we detect health diseases that could cause your dog to have an unsafe pregnancy.
Examples include vaginal prolapse or hyperplasia, cryptorchidism (retained testicles), significant airways disease, and functional heart murmurs. We may also recommend or require additional testing prior to breeding if an abnormality is noted from a previous physical exam.
Semen Collection, Evaluation and Longevity testing
We offer full semen evaluations of motility, morphology/structure and sperm count. Test chilling is offered to assess how long sperm of the donor will live.
- Chilled Semen
- Storage of Frozen Semen coming soon
- Prostate Tests & Disease Evaluation
Medical and surgical treatment for conditions such as prostatitis, BPH, testicular tumors, and infections are offered.
Infertility Diagnosis & Treatment
We offer a variety of tests to help diagnose and potentially treat infertile or sub-fertility issues in dogs.
DNA Typing for AKC Sampling and Submission
We offer collection of the DNA to be sampled and tested by the AKC. DNA profiles are necessary for chilled and frozen semen breedings.
- Ovulation timing
- In-house progesterone testing
- Artificial Insemination (AI)
- Surgical insemination
- Trans cervical insemination (TCI)
- MAVIC Insemination
- Infertility examinations
- In-house ultrasounds
- Obstetrics monitoring for complicated pregnancies
Enhanced Vaginal Inseminations
Artificial insemination using a specialized catheter that simulates a natural tie and release of endorphins, and prevents back-flow of the semen.
Surgical Semen Implantation
Semen gets directly deposited into the uterus under a short duration of general anesthesia used primarily with frozen semen. This allows use for smaller breeding doses needed and allows assessment of the uterus for cysts pathology.
Pregnancy Diagnosis & Management
Our staff diagnose pregnancy with he use of an ultrasound or blood tests. We also offer gestational staging ultrasounds to assist with an estimated due date.
Other services we offer to our canine reproduction clients
- Genetic testing
- Brucellosis testing
- Ovulation timing
- Progesterone blood testing
- DNA and blood samples for genetic screening
- Drop in progesterone testing
- Cesarean section both planned and emergencies
Obstetrics Monitoring for Complicated Pregnancies
Using the ultrasound we can monitor the health, growth and sustainability of a pregnancy. We will be monitoring the gestational age of the neonates as well as placental health, possible resorptions and heart rates. Our in house progesterone machine can determine the bitches progesterone level and supplementation can be administered if her levels are too low to maintain a pregnancy to term.
With some breeds, particularly brachycephalic breeds like Bulldog, C-sections are commonly expected and sometimes even scheduled. In some situations a c-section may also be planned if your dog is expecting a big litter. To safely and accurately determine the best day for a planned c-section, we go by the date of ovulation, not the breeding dates. Sometimes, a c-section is not planned but becomes necessary. Difficult deliveries of large or malpositioned pups may also require intervention.
Post breeding/ Whelping
- Litter evaluation
- Deworming vaccinations
It is very important to ensure that the semen has been assessed well at the time of breeding, chilling for shipment or freezing for future use. The recommended amount of live normal sperm varies depending on the breed size. After the collected semen is counted, the structure of the sperm are analyzed to work out how many of the sperm collected are “normal” and able to fertilize. The sample is then processed depending on the clients needs. Whenever possible fresh semen has an overall higher rate of conception due to the lack of compromising the sperm cells structure during processing if the stud dog is not readily available chilled semen is preferred over frozen semen due to a better conception rate and lower cost overall. When natural breeding does not work or is not possible due to scheduling or death of a stud dog, there are choices in which type of breeding to perform. With artificial insemination and progesterone timing, we can increase conception rates without the necessity of both the sire and dam being pregnant. Chilled semen and frozen semen have significantly increased the flexibility of todays breeding’s. Semen can also be collected and stored as a fresh chilled sample for several weeks before the actual breeding.
Chilled semen is one of the most popular ways semen is collected and transported today when the breeder is unable to get to the stud dog of their choice chilled semen is your best option. Semen is collected , evaluated and extended with Minitubes Can Pro LT , it is then refrigerated to “chill” the sample is placed in a specific shipping box and sent overnight to the receiving veterinarian.
Freezing of Semen
The success of frozen semen breeding’s depends on three things; quality of the frozen semen, timing of the insemination and fertility of the bitch. The sample is then frozen and a portion of the frozen semen sample is thawed to assess what percentage of the frozen sperm are moving forward (motility of sample). The ejaculate is then split up unto multiple doses of a minimum of 100 million normal motile post thaw sperm. There has been up to 20% variation between technicians counting semen, so we recommend to ensure there is well over 100 million sperm in the sample. The fertility of the semen reduces when there are more than 20% abnormal sperm in an ejaculate. We utilize a Computer Assisted Semen Analysis (CASA) system made by Minitube of America (spermvision SARepro) which accurately assesses the motility and the number of sperm collected in an ejaculate, making our assessment technique the most advanced in America.
Trans cervical Insemination (TCI)
TCIs or Trans cervical Insemination is the most advanced technology in artificial insemination. TCI deposits the semen directly into the uterus and allows us to increase conception rates. Careful separation of the canine semen ejaculate along with appropriate assessment using a phase contrast microscope and good technique with TCI or a Mavic catheter. All Pets ensure your bitch has the best chance of pregnancy.
During mating, a tie occurs with the males penis locked in the vagina of the bitch. This tie lasts approximately 10-20 minutes and the entire vagina is occupied by the penis, which prevents semen reflux. All the same the dogs’ movement and dilation of the bulbus urethra glandis of the male stimulate the vagina, inducing contractions which releases oxytocin. Concurrently, these events facilitate semen transfer from the cranial vagina where it is deposited to the uterus and oviducts of the female.
Minitubes vaginal insemination catheter (MAVIC) was in response to improve the result in vaginal insemination in the dog. The deposition using a single linear pipette inadequately transferred the semen to the uterus and created and created the need to use the classical leg-up method to reduce semen reflux. The MAVIC vaginal insemination catheter was developed to technically respond to these problems, making breeders’ and veterinarians’ lives easier and vaginal insemination procedures more effective by mirroring nature.
There are a large amount of factors that can determine fertility or lack of in both bitches and dogs including behavioral, physical and medical issues. Most of these issues can be diagnosed with a proper reproductive exam including an in-depth case history on stud and bitch management. By performing an ultrasound, we can confirm pregnancies as early as 30 days after the first breeding. As the puppies grow it becomes more difficult to get an accurate count. Diagnosing pregnancy by ultrasound offers several advantages over a pregnancy blood test. The puppy’s viability can be ascertained via ultrasound. We can keep track of heart rates and any sac abnormalities. We can also determine a rough number of puppy’s. Ultrasounds are noninvasive and are completed without sedation. For best visualization, we recommend the bitch to have an empty stomach and a full bladder.
Your scheduled appointment will begin by your pet being checked in at the front desk which will include a small amount of paperwork. Following the paperwork, Dr. Sam and our skilled technicians will collect your animals history before performing a physical exam. The scheduled procedures will be performed and any diagnostic tests will be submitted to the lab in our office. We will go over results within the same appointment.